Why did God overthrow the nations to give Israel the Promised Land?

Question: Why did God overthrow the nations to give Israel the Promised Land? Did God care about the souls of the nations that lived there?

This is a great question. Or should I say questions? Let me start with the second question and work back.

Yes, God cared about the people in the land. While most of the Bible is told from the perspective of Israel, there are glimpses into the lives of those outside of Israel. The reason Israel is the focus is because this is the nation God used to bring the promise into the world. It started with Abraham, and the promise of Christ began there. From Abraham on, the scripture follows the promise of Christ. Abraham had many children and each of them became people groups and nations. But the promise given to Abraham was to go through Isaac. Before Abraham died, he gave a portion of the inheritance to his children and sent them away from Isaac (Genesis 25:6).

We also see that when conflict arose between Isaac and Ishmael, he was sent away with the promise that he would become the father of nations as well. (Genesis 17:20). From the time that the children of Abraham were sent away, the scripture focuses primarily on Israel – the nation of promise that came directly through Isaac. However, this does not mean that only Israel had the light of the gospel. In fact, many nations had prophets, but only Israel was chastised by God to keep them on course to be promise carriers. Even they were destroyed for their sins, but God kept the promise alive through a small remnant.

The Gospel among the nations.

Let’s first look at the evidence of the gospel in other nations. One of the clearest examples was Moab. When Israel was crossing the desert and passing by Moab, the king of that nation sent word to a local prophet named Balaam. Balaam was not an Israelite, but he was a prophet of God. He was obviously well known, for the kings knew they could call on him and that he spoke in the name of God. Balak, king of Moab, thought he could manipulate God by having the prophet speak a curse, but he found out that it was God who directed the prophet, not the prophet that directed God.

We also see the knowledge of God among the nations through Job. Job is believed to be the oldest book in the Bible and it predates Israel as a nation. Yet Job knew God and he had several friends that advised him in the name of the Lord. God used Job to reveal Himself to the nation in which Job lived, and God worked directly in Job’s life and the lives of those around Job.

Another example is the city of Nineveh. Nineveh was never part of Israel, but when they became morally bankrupt, God sent the prophet Jonah to preach to the city. Jonah hated the Ninevites and did not want to see them repent, so he ran the other way. God didn’t allow him to escape and in the end, he delivered the message and the people turned back to God. The Lord made it clear that His goal was to show mercy, but the message was that if the people refused to turn from their wickedness, God would bring judgment and destroy the city.

Why God drove the nations out.

This brings us back to where we began. Did God despise the people of the Promised Land and leave them without an opportunity to know God? No. The same truth we see elsewhere can be applied here; however, God told Abraham that the people in the Promised Land would become morally bankrupt. God also stated that He would not give the land to Abraham’s descendants until after the people became bankrupt. Look at Genesis 15:13-16

 13 Then He said to Abram: “Know certainly that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, and will serve them, and they will afflict them four hundred years.
14 “And also the nation whom they serve I will judge; afterward they shall come out with great possessions.
15 “Now as for you, you shall go to your fathers in peace; you shall be buried at a good old age.
16 “But in the fourth generation they shall return here, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete.”

Abram is the name of Abraham before God renamed him.

Two things are noted in God’s instruction to Abraham. First, the children of Abraham would be taken out of their land (the land promised to Abraham’s descendants) and they wouldn’t be allowed to return until after the iniquity of the Amorites was complete.

The Amorites are only one of the people groups in the Promised Land, but apparently they were the only group not to the point of moral bankruptcy. God spared the entire region because of the Amorites. We see a similar scenario in Sodom and Gomorrah. When God revealed to Abraham that He was about to destroy these wicked cities, Abraham interceded for the people. If you read the story, Abraham asked if God would spare everyone if there were only 50 people counted as righteous. When God agreed, Abraham pleaded the number down until God agreed to spare all if He found only 10 people righteous. The standard of righteousness wasn’t high, for God counted Lot as righteous even though his lifestyle was corrupted by the people around him (2 Peter 2:7-8).

God only found one that could be considered righteous, so Lot was taken out of the city and judgment fell. In God’s conversation with Abraham, He is showing a similar act of mercy to the Amorites. For the sake of a few righteous, God showed mercy on all. But when Israel came out of Egypt 400 years later, this was not the case.

The sins of these nations were truly morally bankrupt. They offered their children as burnt sacrifices, they performed sexual rituals before their idols, they worshiped everything but God, and they ignored the voice of the prophets as we saw earlier. Moab was in the path to the Promised Land, and they had a well known prophet there. He was preaching the word of the Lord, but the nations were not listening.

When God destroyed the nations with the flood in Noah’s day, the people heard the message for 120 years but not one person outside of Noah’s family entered the ark. So it shouldn’t be surprising that we see the same scenario in the Promised Land.

Keep in mind that when Israel entered the land, God said, “Do not think I’m giving you this land because you are better than the inhabitants. It is for the wickedness of these nations that I drive them out.” (Deuteronomy 9:4). Since these people refused to turn, putting Israel in their midst would only corrupt their ability to follow God. We see this throughout Israel’s history. Each time they were judged by God, it was when they followed the ways of the nations around them and became partakers of their sins. They didn’t have the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, so the only restraint was from God’s commands and by separation from the other nations.

When Israel became like the nations that God drove out of the Promised Land, God drove them out from the land. They lived in captivity for 70 years, and only returned to the land when they returned to the Lord. (Seen Daniel 9:1-27)

God held His people to the same standard.

We can see that not only did God care about the nations that did not know truth, He also held Israel to the same standard of judgment. The only difference is that God protected the promise of the coming Messiah. Since Israel was the carrier of that promise, the Lord preserved a remnant so the promise could be fulfilled. That ultimately came to fruition in Jesus Christ. In fact, if you read Daniel 9, God sends an angel to Daniel during his prayer of repentance. The angel Gabriel reveals that the nation will return, and 490 years later the Messiah would present Himself to Israel and would be cut off. We know this as the crucifixion.

The point is that Israel is how God promised to bring redemption to the world and therefore, God preserved them even after they were conquered and taken captive. When God returned His people to the land, it was for the purpose of preparing the way for their Messiah – and ours. This is why Israel was given the land, and wickedness is why people were driven out of the land. This held true for the nations that Israel conquered, and it became true for Israel also. When they became like the nations that were driven out, God treated them like the nations that were driven out. But the promise was given as a sure covenant and wasn’t based on Israel’s worthiness, but on God’s promise to Abraham. That promise was fulfilled and now we are partakers of that promise through Christ.

Eddie Snipes

Does the NIV and modern translations of the Bible equate Jesus with Lucifer by translating the phrase ‘bright and morning star’?


Does the NIV equate Jesus with Lucifer by translating the phrase ‘bright and morning star’?


This argument is presented from a position of ignorance (or lack of knowledge). If we take the time to examine the Hebrew word used in Isaiah 14:12, it is the word ‘heylel’ which means: light-bearer, shining one, morning star.

Lucifer is the word English translators used. It comes from the word ‘lucent’ or to give off light. Whether the KJV critics like it or not, the name the Bible gives to Satan in this particular passage means ‘light bearer’ or ‘morning star’. It is God who chose this name and it is foolish to rebuke it.

The irony of the argument is that God is describing Satan’s fall. God created Satan in perfection, filled with brilliance, beauty and established on the Holy mountain of God (Ezekiel 28:12-19). God is describing the beauty of Satan before his fall and then states, “How you are cut down to the ground”. Jesus assumed authority over all things and He truly is the bright and morning star. This glory belongs to God and He is able to give it to whomever He chooses. In Revelation 2:28, we are promised the bright and morning star to those who overcome. Satan once possessed this, in the future we will possess this roll if we are faithful.

Whether we translate this passage in Isaiah as ‘morning star’ or Lucifer is purely an issue of preference. Both words mean the same thing. Lucifer is only mentioned once in the Bible and it is this passage. This word is not the name of Satan as we have equated today, but a descriptive word God used to describe the glory Satan was given by the authority of God before he fell. In Ezekiel, God uses the King of Tyre to refer to Satan but Satan’s name is not the King of Tyre. This is a metaphor used to paint a picture that we can use to understand what God is saying. The utter wickedness of Tyre was masked by the splendor of their wealth and beauty just as Satan’s splendor masked the wickedness and violence he thought was hidden in his heart.

Eddie Snipes

How could billions of people have come through a small gene pool (Noah and his sons)?


I have to admit your theories on how the Noah’s ark story could be true are quite interesting. However, there is one other thing that you have forgotten. According to the bible, god only spared Noah and his family (Genesis 6:10 “And Noah became the father of three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.). (Genesis 6:18 “But I will establish My covenant with you; and you shall enter the ark-you and your sons and your wife, and your sons’ wives with you.) That means that a total of 8 people entered the Ark. If god destroyed all other human life on earth, that means that only 8 people were left to populate the earth. Science has proven that a society cannot thrive with out a large enough gene pool, even several hundred people would not be enough to keep a society going. How can 8 people do it then?

The story of Noah’s Ark cannot possibly be true, inbreeding can only take you so far, how could we have become a population of over 6 billion people, with such diverse physical characteristics come from only 8 people, 4 of which already share the same gene pool.

Explain that

D. P.


Your argument is self-refuting. Even evolution must pass through the same path the Bible takes us. If it is impossible for 6 billion people to develop the diverse characteristics through only 8 people, then it is also impossible for evolution to produce 6 billion people with those same diverse characteristics. Did the evolutionary by-chance process have the large gene pool you claim was necessary? In fact, science has proven the opposite of your claim. Research reveals that all societies have a common link in the gene pool. Of course evolutionists claim that link came from an evolutionary branch and not special creation.

If you take two sets of finches with identical characteristics and place them on isolated islands and allow them to grow for 2-3 hundred years, you will have two completely different breeds of finches. Climate, food supply and various other external stimuli affect physical traits. A finch is still a finch, but characteristics will vary (See Macro vs. Micro evolution on my website). The same is true for the human race. Why is it that my children look like me and I look like my parents, but if I go back 6 or 7 generations, the resemblance is lost? We change in appearance according to our diet, surroundings and many other factors. Evolution must pass through the same path creation stands on, only evolution must explain away answers rather than providing them.

If you are wondering how the gene pool could survive genetic defects with such a limited number of people, read the section called, ‘The unanswerable question’ on the page http://exchangedlife.com/Sermons/gen/gen_contvsy.shtml.

This explains the gene question about how Cain got his wife and why intermarrying was acceptable in early biblical history.

Eddie Snipes

Why does the Bible say that we are gods?

What does the Bible mean, ‘You are gods’?
One of the pet phrases in scripture that world religions use to support the various doctrines claiming that humans can become divine is ‘you are gods’. This is found several places in scripture and in context the intent is clear. However, this can and often is twisted into unbiblical meanings and used to confuse those who value the Bible as authoritative. This is used to persuade people that the Bible supports their ‘you are god’ theory. The first passage we will examine is Exodus 7:

1 So the LORD said to Moses: “See, I have made you as God to Pharaoh, and Aaron your brother shall be your prophet.

I won’t spend much time on this passage because the intent is quite obvious. The KJV words it, “I have made thee a god to Pharaoh”. Pharaoh was the highest god in ancient Egypt’s pagan religious world. They had gods for everything. Some gods had higher powers than others. The Egyptians believed that it was necessary to appease all the gods so that their wives could be fertile, their crops would yield harvest, the rains would come in season, and so on. Many of the plagues God sent were specifically targeted against the gods of Egypt. Pharaoh went down to greet the Nile floods each year and honor this god. God sent Moses to meet him and to turn the water to blood. This was a direct assault against this false god that Pharaoh was honoring. One of their gods was a frog, so God sent a plague of millions of frogs. Because Pharaoh thought he was a god, Moses was like a rivaling god against Pharaoh. To yield to Moses was to admit before his people that Pharaoh wasn’t the strongest god. God said in Exodus 9:14 that the plagues against Pharaoh’s gods were meant to show that there was none like God. It was not to show that Moses was a god. Moses was not a god. However, to the pagan worshipping Pharaoh he was a god. It was only in Pharaoh’s eyes that Moses was considered divine.

Gods will die like men?
Now look at Psalm 82:

1 God stands in the congregation of the mighty; He judges among the gods.
2 How long will you judge unjustly, And show partiality to the wicked? Selah
3 Defend the poor and fatherless; Do justice to the afflicted and needy.
4 Deliver the poor and needy; Free them from the hand of the wicked.
5 They do not know, nor do they understand; They walk about in darkness; All the foundations of the earth are unstable.
6 I said, “You are gods, And all of you are children of the Most High.
7 But you shall die like men, And fall like one of the princes.”

This passage requires a little more thought, but it is still quite clear. In the context of this passage it is clear that the ‘gods’ are not called so because they are divine, but because they are set up to be judges. God established His leadership to judge and do justice among the people. This has nothing to do with divinity. We know this because God follows up by saying, “You are gods and children of the Most High, but you shall die like men”. Look at the entire context of this passage. God is judging the judges He has ordained because they became arrogant and unjust. In stead of using the power God had given them to defend the helpless and needy, they used it for greed and gain. They afflicted the needy and gave favor to the wicked. Jesus used this same passage against the Pharisees. They thought they were above the people. The passage declares that these ‘gods’ are wicked, without understanding, walking in darkness, have an unstable foundation, and they will die like all men do. This doesn’t sound much like the claims of divinity the ‘Christian’ false teachers and other religions proclaim it to be.

Gods are an abomination
There is one last reference to gods I would like to bring to light. Look at Isaiah 41

20 That they may see and know, And consider and understand together, That the hand of the LORD has done this, And the Holy One of Israel has created it.
21 ” Present your case,” says the LORD. “Bring forth your strong reasons,” says the King of Jacob.
22 “Let them bring forth and show us what will happen; Let them show the former things, what they were, That we may consider them, And know the latter end of them; Or declare to us things to come.
23 Show the things that are to come hereafter, That we may know that you are gods; Yes, do good or do evil, That we may be dismayed and see it together.
24 Indeed you are nothing, And your work is nothing; He who chooses you is an abomination.

In this passage, God is challenging those who call themselves gods. God challenges them, if they are gods, present your case. Show us what will happen in the future. Show us the past. Declare what is to come. What are the purposes of God? They should know since they are gods. God challenges them to show their power since they think they are gods. Then God follows up by saying, “you are nothing; your work is nothing; and he who chooses you is an abomination”. That is a very divisive statement. God declares that anyone who chooses these who claim to be gods is an abomination to Himself, the only true God.

There are only two ways that we can be so-called gods. When we stand in the place of authority that God has ordained us to  hold, we are gods in the sense that we represent Him or that we are reflecting God to others. We are all created to reflect God’s glory, but we also have all sin and fallen short of that glory. We are nothing, but in His will and by His authority, we are instruments for His purposes. The other way we are gods is found in the beginning of scripture. In Genesis 3:22, God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to know good and evil”. We are like God in the sense that we know right from wrong. Satan promised Eve that she would be like God. It was a half-truth. She was like God only in that she could identify good and evil. Sin has plagued mankind since that time. If someone claims that we are a god in any other context is a false statement and a false god. Satan’s lie is still the same – you will be like God. Man’s pride believes the lie because he does not want God, rather he wants to be god.

In each passage where the Bible refers to man as gods, it is judgment. Each time God is either challenging them, judging them or judging those who choose to align with them. It is ironic that other religions try to use the Bible to persuade by using the very passages that condemn them. If someone would just take the time to read the surrounding passages in context they would clearly see that most false teachers contradict their own doctrine with the scriptures they twist.

In Conclusion:
Look at Romans 1

22 Professing to be wise, they became fools,
23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like corruptible man — and birds and four-footed animals and creeping things.
24 Therefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, in the lusts of their hearts, to dishonor their bodies among themselves,
25 who exchanged the truth of God for the lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.

Just because someone claims to be wise does not make them wise. Wisdom based on the world will fail. Jesus warned that just because someone comes in His name does not mean that He sent them. Preachers claiming Jesus’ name are deceivers and anti-Christs if they are contradicting His word. When someone reshapes God into the image of corruptible man, the Bible says that they have become fools. If the Bible calls them fools, how can we allow them to be teachers of foolish doctrine within the church? If anyone teaches doctrine that says God is like man or man is like or can be like God, the Bible says that they have already rejected the truth and are not worshipping God, but are worshipping the creation of God – which is idolatry. If God has said that He has given them up, we should not be afraid to expose them. How people respond to false teaching reveals who is seeking God and who loves the lie.

It is the responsibility of every believer to uphold the truth so that each person can make a clear choice. If someone is deceived, it should be a knowing choice to reject the scriptures. We can’t make people want God, but we can uphold His truth so that people can see what choice they are making.

Eddie Snipes

Does the Bible deny the existence of dinosaurs?


I have a fundamentalist friend that says, “Dinosaurs never existed”. They say that it disagrees with the Bible. Why do Christians deny scientific facts? Does the Bible deny the existence of dinosaurs?


I have to agree with you. I am bothered when I hear Christians say that dinosaurs never existed. That is just pure ignorance – both of the Bible and of science. How can anyone look at the thousands of complete skeletons collected from all over the world and say, “I refuse to see it”?
Both the Bible and observable evidence validate that dinosaurs existed and coexisted with man. I know that is very disputed among evolutionists; and this is true for the same reason that uninformed Christians refuse to accept dinosaurs – it doesn’t fit with their beliefs. There are many depictions of dinosaurs in cave drawings, stone carvings, jewelry and dragon legends as late as 600 B.C. Click here to see some examples.
Now look at what the Bible describes in Job 40:

15 ” Look now at the behemoth, which I made along with you; He eats grass like an ox.
16 See now, his strength is in his hips, And his power is in his stomach muscles.
17 He moves his tail like a cedar; The sinews of his thighs are tightly knit.
18 His bones are like beams of bronze, His ribs like bars of iron.
19 He is the first of the ways of God; Only He who made him can bring near His sword.
20 Surely the mountains yield food for him, And all the beasts of the field play there.
21 He lies under the lotus trees, In a covert of reeds and marsh.
22 The lotus trees cover him with their shade; The willows by the brook surround him.
23 Indeed the river may rage, Yet he is not disturbed; He is confident, though the Jordan gushes into his mouth,
24 Though he takes it in his eyes, Or one pierces his nose with a snare.

I know some Christians try to associate this with modern animals, but this is impossible to reconcile with anything but a dinosaur. A tail like a cedar, bones like beams of bronze, a raging river does not disturb him, etc. can not be explained with an elephant, rhino or hippo.
The problem with faith is that it is misunderstood. Biblical faith is not blind ignorance – it is based on truth. The Bible commands the believer to be prepared to give a reasoned answer. Faith is believing God and is always based on evidence. In the Bible, God always proved Himself trustworthy and then called for faith. In the Bible, God always challenges us to test Him and prove He is true. Blind faith is no better than superstition. True faith is based on fact.
There are many other resources that examine dinosaurs and science and are clear validations for scripture. As I said in my earlier message, we can examine all the evidence because if the Bible is true then ultimately the evidence will lead us back to the Bible. The only exception is to those who refuse to examine all sides of the evidence. Selective truth is not truth. Half the evidence is not evidence for anything.

For evidence showing the existence of the coexistence of man and dinosaurs, Click here.
I hope this helps. You may also find interesting info at www.answersingenesis.org .

Eddie Snipes

Do the existence of Dinosaurs contradict the Bible?

I have been asked several times whether the Bible and the creation account allows for the existence of dinosaurs. Unfortunately it is also fairly common for Christians to deny the existence of dinosaurs altogether. In reality, the Bible validates the existence of Dinosaurs as does history and archaeology. It is true that evolution does allow for dinosaurs and mankind to coexist, however we have ample evidence that they did. Let’s take a moment and examine both historical accounts and Biblical accounts of dinosaurs.

Look first at the Bible in Job 41:

15 ” Look now at the behemoth, which I made along with you; He eats grass like an ox.
16 See now, his strength is in his hips, And his power is in his stomach muscles.
17 He moves his tail like a cedar; The sinews of his thighs are tightly knit.
18 His bones are like beams of bronze, His ribs like bars of iron.
19 He is the first of the ways of God; Only He who made him can bring near His sword.
20 Surely the mountains yield food for him, And all the beasts of the field play there.
21 He lies under the lotus trees, In a covert of reeds and marsh.
22 The lotus trees cover him with their shade; The willows by the brook surround him.
23 Indeed the river may rage, Yet he is not disturbed; He is confident, though the Jordan gushes into his mouth,
24 Though he takes it in his eyes, Or one pierces his nose with a snare.

Contrary to the opinion of some, there are no modern day animals that fit the description of this behemoth. It is not an elephant, rhinoceros, or hippopotamus. None of these have the tail like a cedar. Whenever you see the cedar tree mentioned in the Bible it is referencing the great cedars (such as the cedars of Lebanon). The cedars of this time period were magnificent and awe inspiring. Solomon for example negotiated a deal to bring the great cedars of Lebanon to build the temple because there were no other tries like them. Dozens of times the Bible refers to the cedar as a picture of strength. So when we look at this description, the tail like a cedar gives us a word picture of a large, powerful tail. This creature is able to stand in a raging river without fear and without being moved. Bones of bronze and ribs like bars of iron are equally descriptive of a massive and strong creature. Though the word dinosaur is a modern term, I believe this is a clear description of a dinosaur. Equally significant is the Bible’s claim that this behemoth was created along with man – in other words, he co-existed with the human race.

History also attests to the coexistence of man and dinosaurs. The pictures below show compelling evidence to this fact. Some critics argue that these are mythological creatures that made their way into ancient art, however one problem cannot be explained away – accuracy. Most of these artifacts are identifiable as known dinosaurs today yet they were drawn hundreds and often thousands of years before dinosaurs were known to man. Think of all the dragon legends and sea creature legends that have filled history. Is it possible that the monsters the world feared were more than figments of the imaginations of many, many men? As you examine these pictures, ask yourself, “How did these ancient people know what a dinosaur looked like?”

One evolutionist commented on a Greek drawing of a dinosaur that was clearly an accurate representation of a known species of dinosaur stated, “It is clear that the Greeks also dug fossils”. It is interesting that no history validates this claim. It is a weak attempt to explain the inevitable conclusion – they knew exactly what the creature looked like. The replicated look of dinosaurs is a modern scientific achievement. If one accurate drawing was found in ancient art we could say argue that it was a coincidence. However, when we have so many examples, can we continue to wear blinders to the coexistence of man and dinosaurs? It takes complete and blinding faith to deny this fact when it stares you in the face.

The ‘problem children’ are on both sides of the debate. Some Christians see the fossils of dinosaurs and the overwhelming evidence that they existed and yet they still say, “Dinosaurs never existed”. This is because they are willfully blind because they don’t understand that dinosaurs don’t disagree with the Bible. For fear of undermining their blind faith, ,they refuse to acknowledge what is clearly in front of them. The same is true for evolutionists. They look at the overwhelming evidence of coexistence and refuse to see it. They also are afraid that the truth may undermine their faith in evolution. They have adopted blind faith without reason. In reality, all truth leads to God. If the Bible is true, examining all the evidence will ultimately validate that truth. Evidence only refutes the Bible when it becomes a half-truth that is manipulated – which is in reality a lie. When all the facts are allowed to be examined, the evidence points to the truth of scripture.

Below are examples of dinosaurs realistically depicted in ancient writing and art:

Under King Nebuchadnezzar the Babylonian Ishtar gate was fashioned with relief designs depicting animals such as lions, bears and this dinosaur-like creature. Local animals were the subject matter for all other depictions within the wall. Where did they get the model for this creature?


The Nile Mosaic of Palestrina.
This mosaic from the 2nd century shows other animals local to the area such as Crocodiles and Hippos. This scene is one of many and shows hunters killing a creature labeled on the mosaic as ‘Crocodile Leopard’.


The top picture is an amazing drawing of ancient people hunting, butchering and dancing around a creature that looks very much like a plesiosaur.

The second picture is a model of a plesiosaur skeleton.

The third picture is a scientific drawing of what a plesiosaur may have looked like along with a skeleton of a plesiosaur being excavated.

Cave Drawings.

The top photo is Cree Indian art on the Agawa Rock at Misshepezhieu, Lake Superior Provincial Park, Ontario, Canada. This depicts a horned dinosaur-like creature.

The middle drawing shows hunters around dinosaur-like creatures depicted in Arizona’s Havasupai Canyon.

The bottom photo in this frame highlights the drawing and compares it to a Edmontosaurus.

These photos of carved works from Hierakonpolis depicting modern animals and two long-necked creatures that resemble dinosaurs.

The top artifact depicts a dinosaur like creature. It was once thought to be inaccurate because of the scale patterns were inconsistent with scientific assumptions. however, Geology publications in 12, 1992 reported new discoveries that reported, “Recent discovery of fossilized sauropod (diplodocid) skin impressions reveals a significantly different appearance for these dinosaurs. The fossilized skin demonstrates that a median row of spines was present… Some are quite narrow, and others are broader and more conical.” (Geology, “New Look for Sauropod Dinosaurs,” December, 1992, p. 1,068.)”

The middle picture is an urn depicting a scene from Greek Mythology. The urn has pictures of dolphins, penguins, fish, an octopus and a see creature that looks similar to a mosasaurus. The bottom picture is an illustration of what a mosasaurus may have looked like. Some species also have a narrow cranial crest between the eyes as pictured in the urn.

This Roman Mosaic shows two creatures fighting that closely resemble the tanystropheus shown below.

In 1691 in Rome there was a report of a dragon like creature that lived in the caves near the local wetlands. This realistically accurate sketch of the partially decomposed corpse of the bird. What is interesting to note is that the crest on the skull was not depicted in most of the pterosaur illustrations. In National Geographic News in July 18, 2002, the article called ‘New Find: Pterosaur Had Strange Crest, Fishing Style’ showed that some species had such a crest as depicted in this illustration from 17th century Rome.

The top picture is from a Mesopotamian cylinder dated 3300 BC. It depicts dinosaur-like creatures similar to an Apatasaurus.

An ancient culture, the Sumatrans created artwork that depicts several dinosaurs.

Over 1100 Inca Ceremonial Burial Stones were found in tombs in Peru during the 1930’s. Many of these stones have realistic and accurate depiction of dinosaurs. In 1571, the Spanish conquistadors were the first to report burial stones with strange creatures carved on them.

In 1945, Waldemar Julsrud discovered carvings that depicted dinosaurs at El Toro Mnt near Acambaro, Mexico. Over the next few decades, over 30,000 of these carvings have been unearthed. The carvings date between 800BC and 200AD. These findings have been challenged and tested by researchers on multiple occasions and have remained as authentic artifacts. One is believed to be an Iguanodon which was unknown until over 30 years after these carvings were discovered.

This African artifact closely resembles a sauropod that local legends say still roams remote areas of Africa today. Several expeditions have been launched to validate these sightings but none have been successful.

Eddie Snipes

Why would Paul deliver a believer over to Satan (1 Corinthians 5:5)?


In 1 Corinthians 5:5 a person from the church is delivered to Satan. How is this merciful?


To understand this passage look at it in the whole context:

1 Corinthians 5:1 It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and such sexual immorality as is not even named among the Gentiles — that a man has his father’s wife! 2 And you are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he who has done this deed might be taken away from among you. 3 For I indeed, as absent in body but present in spirit, have already judged (as though I were present) him who has so done this deed. 4 In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when you are gathered together, along with my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ, 5 deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. 6 Your glorying is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump? 7 Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us. 8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. 9 I wrote to you in my epistle not to keep company with sexually immoral people.

There are several principles we can draw from this passage and two of these directly answer your question.

First, we as believers in Christ have been bought with a price and we are not our own (1 Corinthians 6:19-20). As believers, Satan no longer has any claim over us. The Bible tells us that he accuses us before God night and day, but he does not have any claim over us. We can submit ourselves to him by sinning, but we still belong to God. This point is driven home in the book of Job. Satan had to receive permission from God before he would attack Job’s body or even get inside the hedge of protection God had placed around him. The same is true for the believer today. Even a Christian in sin still belongs to God. In this circumstance the apostle Paul is referring to surrendering a person’s body to Satan for judgment. This would be done by lifting the person up to God in prayer. In this instance, the person was unwilling to repent so the church is taking the desperate measure of seeking physical surrender to Satan so the person would not face a worse fate.

This brings us to the second principle related to your question. The purpose of physical judgment is not to punish, but to lead them to repentance. God’s judgment against the sins of His children is always a tool to drive us back to His mercies. When Israel sinned, God sent judgment to break their hard hearts. Physical suffering is a minor loss compared to forfeiting our eternal reward. Because this believer in Corinth was pursuing Satan, God was now going to allow him to gain what he was pursuing. Temptation is always a trap. God protects us from the trap until we will accept nothing less than the bait. There are times when God allows us to fall into the trap so that we see it for what it is. It is a painful lesson, but when we are stubborn this is often the only way we can see the foolishness of our demands.

The purpose of this judgment against the body was for the person to come to repentance. After the judgment was carried out, Paul addresses the same situation in 2 Corinthians 2: 6 This punishment which was inflicted by the majority is sufficient for such a man, 7 so that, on the contrary, you ought rather to forgive and comfort him, lest perhaps such a one be swallowed up with too much sorrow. 8 Therefore I urge you to reaffirm your love to him.

As we can see, the purpose was not to ostracize the sinner, nor was it meant to destroy him. The only purpose of God’s chastisement is to correct our destructive behavior. When this man repented, the instruction was to restore and affirm love toward this person.

So the meaning of 1 Corinthians 5:5 is to take action to protect fellow believers from self-destructing and to prevent his behavior from influencing others. The person living a sinful lifestyle is removed from the fellowship of the church while they are practicing that lifestyle to protect the church and turned over to Satan for judgment to protect their soul and cause them to repent and return to God.

Eddie Snipes

How were the Old Testament saints saved?


If the Bible says that salvation is only in Christ, then how were the Old Testament saints saved since they were before Christ?



This is a common question and a very valid one. It is commonly taught that the Old Testament saints were under a different dispensation and therefore were saved under the Old Testament law rather than New Testament grace. As we will see from scripture, this is not the case at all. The Old Testament saints were saved just as we are today. One of the primary principles of scripture is that God does not change. God did not change His plan half-way through history and try something new. It may be a new revelation to man, but the plan of God has always been the same. The Bible tells us that we were redeemed in Christ before the foundation of the world. The law and works does not redeem anyone, nor has it ever redeemed anyone. Romans 3 tells us the purpose of the law:

19 Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.

20 Therefore by the deeds of the law no flesh will be justified in His sight, for by the law is the knowledge of sin.


The primary purpose of the law in the Old Testament was to show the world that they were guilty before God and how it is impossible to keep the law – and even if you could, it still would not justify a single person. The law opens our eyes by showing us the knowledge of sin. The law does keep us civilized, but its primary purpose is to open our eyes to sin.


The Old Testament saints were not saved by keeping the law nor were they saved by the sacrifices they performed. The Bible tells us that the sacrifice was a yearly reminder of sin and that it foreshadowed the true sacrifice that was to come in Jesus Christ. The Old Testament saints were saved by faith just as we are. They had faith in the coming Messiah that was yet to be revealed; we have faith in the Messiah who has been revealed – Jesus Christ. There were many wicked men who kept the sacrifices of the Old Testament, yet they will not have salvation. In salvation, faith always comes first and then works follow. Works are the evidence of faith but works never produce faith.


Abraham is the father of faith and he is the father of the Old Testament saints. Romans 4 says:

3 For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.”

4 Now to him who works, the wages are not counted as grace but as debt.

5 But to him who does not work but believes on Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness,

6 just as David also describes the blessedness of the man to whom God imputes righteousness apart from works:


New Testament faith reference the Old Testament Abraham as our example of saving faith in Christ. Abraham’s righteousness did not come from a bull sacrificed on an altar. As I previously mentioned, the sacrificed only served to foreshadow the coming sacrifice God would provide for Himself. Look at Hebrews 10:

1 For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with these same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect.

2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? For the worshipers, once purified, would have had no more consciousness of sins.

3 But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins every year.

4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sins.

5 Therefore, when He came into the world, He said: “Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, But a body You have prepared for Me.

6 In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You had no pleasure.

7 Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come — In the volume of the book it is written of Me — To do Your will, O God.’ “

8 Previously saying, “Sacrifice and offering, burnt offerings, and offerings for sin You did not desire, nor had pleasure in them” (which are offered according to the law),

9 then He said, “Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God.” He takes away the first that He may establish the second.

10 By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

11 And every priest stands ministering daily and offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins.

12 But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God,


The Bible makes it clear that it is IMPOSSIBLE for the Old Testament sacrifices to take away sins. The yearly sacrifice was a continuous reminder of the presence of sin so the people would not forget and it was a foreshadow that pointed ahead to the sacrifice that Jesus would one day make. Those who obeyed the law as an act of faith, were justified in Christ by their faith in God’s plan of redemption. Those who had no faith only performed a ritual that had zero eternal benefit. Many kept the law out of a fear of consequences so they would not be cut off from their people (which was God’s warning), but fearing judgment does not save them anymore than scaring people with hell today. There is a place for explaining the consequence of hell, but no one is saved by running away from hell. The Bible says that it is the goodness of God that leads you to repentance. We have faith and turn to a loving relationship with God that is offered through the cross.


So we can see from scripture that both the Old and New Testament saints obtain salvation through the completed work of Jesus Christ’s sacrifice on the cross.

Eddie Snipes